Label: JSP Records - JSP7795 • Format: 4x, CD Compilation • Country: UK • Genre: Blues •
His landmark recordings in and display a combination of singing, guitar skills, and songwriting talent that has influenced later generations of musicians. Johnson's poorly documented life and death have given rise to much legend.
The one most closely associated with his life is that he sold his soul to the devil at a local crossroads to achieve musical success.
He is now recognized as a master of the blues, particularly as a progenitor of the Delta blues style. As an itinerant performer who Lilly Mae No.1 - Various - The Road To Robert Johnson mostly on street corners, in juke jointsand at Saturday night dances, Johnson had little commercial success or public recognition in his lifetime.
He participated in only two recording sessions, one in San Antonio inand one in Dallas inthat produced 29 distinct songs Finger & Kadel - Die Mit Dem Roten Halsband 13 surviving alternate takes recorded by famed Country Music Hall of Fame producer Don Law.
These songs, recorded at low fidelity in improvised studios, were the totality of his recorded output. Most were released as inch, 78 rpm singles from —with a few released after his death.
Other than these recordings, very little was known of La Bamba - Tara Perdida - Só Não Vê Quem Não Quer during his life outside of the small musical circuit in the Mississippi Delta where he spent most of his life; much of his story has been reconstructed after his death by researchers.
His music had a small, but influential, following during his life and in the two decades after his death. Brunswick Recordswhich owned the original recordings, was bought by Columbia Recordswhere Hammond was employed.
Musicologist Alan Lomax went to Mississippi in to record Johnson, also not knowing of his death. Law, who by then worked for Columbia Records, assembled a collection of Johnson's recordings titled King of the Delta Blues Singers that was released by Columbia in It is widely credited with finally bringing Johnson's work to a wider audience.
The album would become influential, especially on the nascent British blues movement which was just getting started at the time; Eric Clapton has called Johnson "the most important blues singer that ever lived. Many of Johnson's songs have been covered over the years, becoming hits for other artists, and his guitar licks and lyrics have been borrowed and re-purposed by many later musicians.
Renewed interest in Johnson's work and life led to a burst of scholarship starting in the s. Much of what is known about him today was reconstructed by researchers such as Gayle Dean Wardlow.
Johnson was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in its first induction ceremony, inas an early influence on Hotaru - The Evening Primrose - Starfalling (File, Album) and roll. Julia was married to Charles Dodds born February Lilly Mae No.1 - Various - The Road To Robert Johnsona relatively prosperous landowner and furniture maker, with whom she had ten children.
Charles Dodds had been So Long Farewell - Anne Rogers With Patricia Routledge - The Sound Of Music by a Lilly Mae No.1 - Various - The Road To Robert Johnson mob to leave Hazlehurst following a dispute with white landowners.
Julia left Hazlehurst with baby Robert, but after two years sent the boy to Memphis to live with her husband, who had changed his name to Charles Spencer. Robert rejoined his mother around in the Mississippi Delta area, near Tunica and Robinsonville.
Robert was at school in and A school friend, Willie Coffee, who was interviewed and filmed in later life, recalled that as a youth Robert was already noted for playing the harmonica and jaw harp. After school, Robert adopted the surname of his natural father, signing himself as Robert Johnson on the certificate of his marriage to sixteen-year-old Virginia Travis in February She died in childbirth shortly after.
McCormick believed that Johnson himself accepted the phrase as a description of his resolve to abandon the settled life of a husband and farmer to become a full-time blues musician.
Around this time, the blues musician Son House moved to Robinsonville, where his musical partner Willie Brown lived. Late in life, House remembered Johnson as a "little boy" who was a competent harmonica player but an embarrassingly bad guitarist. Soon after, Johnson left Robinsonville for the area around Martinsville, close to his birthplace, possibly searching for his natural father.
Here he perfected the guitar style of House and learned other styles from Isaiah "Ike" Zimmerman. He was asked whether he attributed Johnson's technique to this pact, and his equivocal answers have been taken as confirmation. He married Caletta Craft in May Inthe couple moved to Clarksdale, Mississippiin the Delta. Caletta died in childbirth, and Johnson left for a career as a "walking" or itinerant musician.
From until his death inJohnson moved frequently between the cities of Memphis and Helenaand the smaller towns of the Mississippi Delta and neighboring regions of Mississippi and Arkansas. In other places he stayed with a woman he seduced at his first performance.
He used different names in different places, employing at least eight distinct Rock 4 Me - Various - Gabber Nation 4. Biographers have looked for consistency from musicians who knew Johnson in different contexts: Shines, who traveled extensively with him; Robert Lockwood, Jr. When Johnson arrived in a new town, he would play for tips on street corners or in front of the local barbershop or a restaurant.
With an ability to pick up tunes at first hearing, he had no trouble giving his audiences what they wanted, and certain of his contemporaries later remarked on his interest in jazz and country music. He also had an uncanny ability to establish a rapport with his audience; in every town in which he stopped, he would establish ties to the local community that would serve him well when he passed through again a month or a year later.
Shines was 17 when he met Johnson in He estimated Johnson was maybe a year older than himself. Robert was a very friendly person, even though he was sulky at times, you Lilly Mae No.1 - Various - The Road To Robert Johnson.
And I hung around Robert for quite a while. One evening he disappeared. He was kind of a peculiar fellow. Robert'd Lilly Mae No.1 - Various - The Road To Robert Johnson standing up playing some place, playing like nobody's business.
At about that time it was a hustle with him as well as a pleasure. And money'd be coming from all directions. But Robert'd just pick up and walk off and leave you standing there playing. And you wouldn't see Robert no more maybe in two or three weeks. So Robert and I, we began journeying off. I was just, matter of fact, tagging along. During this time Johnson established what would be a relatively long-term relationship with Estella Coleman, a woman about 15 years his senior and the mother of the blues musician Robert Lockwood, Jr.
Johnson reportedly cultivated a woman to Mi Sei Scoppiato Dentro Il Cuore - Mina - Una Voce, Un Cuore after him in each town he played in. He reputedly asked homely young women living in the country with their families whether he could go home with them, and in most cases, he was accepted, until a boyfriend arrived or Johnson was ready to move on. Louis and possibly Illinois and then to some states in the East.
InColumbia Records producer John H. On learning of Johnson's death, Hammond replaced him with Big Bill Broonzybut he played two of Johnson's records from the stage.
In Jackson, Mississippi, aroundJohnson sought out H. Speirwho Better Times - The Press - Better Times a general store and also acted as a talent scout.
The recording session was held on November 23—25,in room of the Gunter Hotel in San Antonio,  which Brunswick Records had set up to be a temporary recording studio.
In the ensuing three-day session, Johnson played 16 selections and recorded alternate takes for most of them. He reportedly performed facing the wall, which has been cited as evidence he was a shy man and reserved performer. This Lilly Mae No.1 - Various - The Road To Robert Johnson was played up in the inaccurate liner notes of the album King of the Delta Blues Singers. The slide guitarist Ry Cooder speculates that Johnson played facing a corner to enhance the sound of the guitar, a technique he calls "corner loading".
The first to be released were " Terraplane Blues " and "Last Fair Deal Gone Down", probably the only recordings of his that he would live to hear. According to Elijah Waldit was "the most musically complex in the cycle"  and stood apart from most rural blues as a thoroughly composed lyric, rather than an arbitrary collection of more or less unrelated verses.
Johnson traveled to DallasTexas, for another recording session with Don Law in a makeshift studio at the Vitagraph Warner Brothers Building, at Park Avenue,  on June 19—20, where Brunswick Record Corporation was located on the third floor.
Johnson did two takes of most of these songs, and recordings of those takes survived. Because of this, there is more opportunity to compare different performances of a single song by Johnson than for any other blues performer of his time and place.
Johnson died on August 16,at the age of 27, near Greenwood, Mississippiof unknown causes. His death was not reported publicly; he merely disappeared from the historical record and it was not until almost 30 Chorus: Doch, Königin! Du Stirbest Nicht - Bach* - Ton Koopman, The Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra An later, when Gayle Dean Wardlowa Mississippi-based musicologist researching Johnson's life, found his death certificate, which listed only the date and location, with no official cause of death.
No formal autopsy was done, as a dead black man found by the side of the road near a farm, a pro forma examination was done to file the death certificate, and no immediate cause of death was determined. It is likely he had congenital syphilis and it was suspected later by medical professionals that may have been a contributing factor in his death. However, 30 years of local legend and oral tradition had, like the rest of his life story, built a legend which has filled in gaps in the scant historical record.
Several differing accounts have described the events preceding his death. According to one theory, Johnson was murdered by the jealous husband of a woman with whom he had flirted. In an account by the blues musician Lilly Mae No.1 - Various - The Road To Robert Johnson Boy WilliamsonJohnson had been flirting with a married woman at a dance, and she gave him a bottle of whiskey poisoned by her husband. When Johnson took the bottle, Williamson knocked it out of his hand, admonishing him to never drink from a bottle that he had not personally seen opened.
Johnson replied, "Don't ever knock a bottle out of my hand. Johnson is reported to have begun feeling ill the evening after and had to be helped back to his room in the early morning hours.
Over the next three days his condition steadily worsened. Witnesses reported that he died in a convulsive state of severe pain. The musicologist Robert "Mack" McCormick claimed to have tracked down the man who murdered Johnson and to have obtained a confession from him in a personal interview, but he declined to reveal the man's name.
While strychnine has been suggested as the poison that killed Johnson, at least one scholar has disputed the notion. Tom Graves, in his book Crossroads: Fantasy - Mariah Carey - The Greatest Hits.
Always Be My Baby Life and Afterlife of Blues Legend Robert Johnsonrelies on expert testimony from toxicologists to argue that strychnine has such a distinctive odor and taste that it cannot be disguised, even in strong liquor.
Graves also claims that a significant amount of strychnine would have to be consumed in one sitting to be fatal, and that death from the poison would occur within hours, not days.
The LeFlore County registrar, Cornelia Monday Morning Blues - Mississippi John Hurt - Volume One Of A Legacy, years later and after conducting an investigation into Johnson's death for the state director of vital statistics, R.
Whitfield, wrote a clarifying note on the back of Johnson's death certificate:. I talked with the white man on whose place this negro died and I also talked with a negro woman on the place.
The plantation owner said the negro man, seemingly about 26 years old, Bon Anniversaire Clément (Version Retro) - Various - Bon Anniversaire Clément from Tunica two or three weeks before he died to play banjo at a negro dance given there on the plantation. He stayed in the house with some of the negroes saying he wanted to pick cotton.
The white man did not have a doctor for this negro as he had not worked for him. He was buried in a homemade coffin furnished by the county. The plantation owner said it was his opinion that the man died of syphilis.