Label: Audiophile Records - AP-71-72 • Format: 2x, Vinyl LP • Country: US • Genre: Jazz • Style: Ragtime
Scott Joplin November 24, — April 1, was an American composer and pianist. Joplin achieved fame for his ragtime compositions and was dubbed the King of Ragtime. One of his first and most popular pieces, the " Maple Leaf Rag ", became ragtime's first and most influential hit, and has been recognized as the archetypal rag.
Joplin grew up in a musical family of railway laborers in Texarkana, Arkansasand developed his own musical knowledge with the help of local teachers. While in Texarkana, Texashe formed a vocal quartet and taught mandolin and guitar. During the late s he left his job as a railroad laborer and travelled the American South as an itinerant musician.
He went to Chicago for the World's Fair ofwhich played a major part in making ragtime a national craze by Joplin moved to Sedalia, Missouriin and earned a living as a piano teacher. He began publishing music inand publication of his "Maple Leaf Rag" in brought him fame. This piece had a profound influence on writers of ragtime. It also brought Joplin a steady income for life, though he did not reach this level of success again and frequently had financial problems.
In Joplin moved to St. Louiswhere he continued to compose and publish, and regularly performed in the community. The score to his first opera A Guest of Honor was confiscated in with his belongings for non-payment of bills, and is now considered lost. InJoplin moved to New York City to find a producer for a new opera. He attempted to go beyond the limitations of the musical form that made him famous, but without much monetary success. His second opera, Treemonishawas never fully staged during his lifetime.
InJoplin descended into dementia as a result of syphilis. He was admitted to Manhattan State Hospital a mental institution in Januaryand died there three months later at the age of Joplin's death is widely considered to mark the end of ragtime as a mainstream music format; over the next several years, it evolved with other styles into stridejazzand eventually big band swing.
Joplin's music was rediscovered and returned to popularity in the early s with the release of a million-selling album recorded by Joshua Rifkin. This was followed by the Academy Award -winning film The Sting that featured several of Joplin's compositions, most notably " The Entertainer ", whose performance by pianist Marvin Hamlisch received wide airplay.
Treemonisha was finally produced in full, to wide acclaim, in InJoplin was posthumously awarded a Pulitzer Prize. According to author Edward A. Berlin"One tenacious myth tells us that Joplin was born in Texarkana, Texas, on November 24, The location is easily dispensed with: Texarkana was not established until Consequently, it appears possible that Joplin, born 12 years later, could have been born in Texarkana.
Others, including genealogists, simply posit that Joplin was born in Linden, Texaseither in late or early Linden is 40 miles southwest of Texarkana. The Joplins subsequently moved to Texarkana, Arkansas, where Giles worked as a laborer for the railroad and Florence was a cleaner. Joplin's father had played the violin for plantation parties in North Carolina, and his mother sang and played the banjo.
At some point in the early s, Giles Joplin left the family for another woman. His wife Florence struggled to support her children through domestic work. Biographer Susan Curtis speculated that the mother's support of Joplin's musical education was critical to the parents' separation. Joplin's father wanted the boy to pursue practical employment that would supplement the family income. According to a family friend, the young Joplin was serious and ambitious, studying music and playing the piano after school.
While a few local teachers aided him, he received most of his music education from Julius Weissa German-born American Jewish music professor who had immigrated to Texas in the late s and was employed as music tutor to a prominent local business family.
Impressed by Joplin's talent, and realizing his family's dire straits, Weiss taught him free of charge. He tutored the year-old Joplin until the boy was 16, during which time Weiss introduced him to folk and classical music, including opera.
Weiss helped Joplin appreciate music as an "art as well as an entertainment,"  and helped his mother acquire a used piano. According to Weiss' wife, Lottie, Joplin never forgot Weiss. In his later years, after achieving fame as a composer, Joplin sent his former teacher " In addition he taught guitar and mandolin. In the late s, having performed at various local events as a teenager, Joplin chose to give up work as a laborer with the railroad and left Texarkana to become a traveling musician.
Churches and brothels were among the few options for steady work. Joplin played pre-ragtime 'jig-piano' in various red-light districts throughout the mid-South, and some claim he was in Sedalia and St.
Louis in Missouri during this time. In Joplin was in Chicago for the World's Fair. While in Chicago, he formed his first band playing cornet and began arranging music for the group to perform. The exposition was attended by 27 million Americans and had a profound effect on many areas of American cultural life, including ragtime. Although specific information is sparse, numerous sources have credited the Chicago World Fair with spreading the popularity of ragtime.
Louis Dispatch as "a veritable call of the wild, which mightily stirred the pulses of city bred people. In Joplin arrived in Sedalia, Missouri. At first, Joplin stayed with the family of Arthur Marshallat the time a year-old boy but later one of Joplin's students and a rag-time composer in his own Paragon Rag - Prof.
John W. (Knocky) Parker* - Scott Joplins Original Ragtime Compositions . There is little precise evidence known about Joplin's activities at this time, although he performed as a solo musician at dances and at the major black Paragon Rag - Prof.
John W. (Knocky) Parker* - Scott Joplins Original Ragtime Compositions in Sedalia, the Black club and the Maple Leaf Club. He performed in the Queen City Cornet Band, and his own six-piece dance orchestra.
A tour with his own singing group, the Texas Medley Quartet, gave him his first opportunity to publish his own compositions and it is known that he went to Syracuse, New York and Texas.
The March was described by one of Joplin's Nightsatan - Nightsatan And The Loops Of Doom (File, Album) as a "special Smith Collegewhere he apparently studied " Berlin notes that it was unlikely that a small college for African-Americans would be able to provide such a course.
InJoplin married Belle, the sister-in-law of collaborator Scott Hayden. Although there were hundreds of rags in print by the time the "Maple Leaf Rag" was published, Joplin was not far behind. His first published rag, " Original Rags ", had been completed inthe same year as the first ragtime work in print, the "Mississippi Rag" by William Krell. The "Maple Leaf Rag" was likely Paragon Rag - Prof. John W. (Knocky) Parker* - Scott Joplins Original Ragtime Compositions have been known in Sedalia before its publication in ; Brun Campbell claimed to have seen the manuscript of the work in around After several unsuccessful approaches to publishers, Joplin signed a contract on August 10, with John Stillwell Starka retailer of musical instruments who later became his most important publisher.
There have been many claims about the sales of the "Maple Leaf Rag", for example that Joplin was the first musician to sell 1 million copies of a piece of instrumental music. Later sales were steady, and would have given Joplin an income that would have covered his expenses.
The "Maple Leaf Rag" did serve as a model for the hundreds of rags to come from future composers, especially in the development of classic ragtime. After the Joplins moved to St.
Louis in earlythey had a baby daughter who died only a few months after birth. Joplin's relationship with his wife was difficult, as she had no interest in music. They eventually separated and then divorced. Louis that Joplin produced some of his best-known works, including " The Entertainer ", "March Majestic", and the short theatrical work " The Ragtime Dance ". She died on September 10,of complications resulting from a cold, ten weeks after their wedding.
During this time, Joplin created an opera company of 30 people and produced his first opera A Guest of Honor for a national tour. It is not certain how many productions were staged, or even if this was an all-black show or a racially mixed production. During the tour, either in Springfield, Illinoisor Pittsburg, Kansassomeone associated with the company stole the box office receipts.
Joplin could not meet the company's payroll or pay for its lodgings at a theatrical boarding house. It is believed that the score for A Guest of Honor was lost and perhaps destroyed because of non-payment of the company's boarding house bill.
InJoplin moved to New York City, which he believed was the best place to find a producer for a new opera. Inas a last-ditch effort to see it performed, he invited a small audience to hear it at a rehearsal hall in Harlem. Poorly staged and with only Joplin on piano accompaniment, it was "a miserable failure" to a public not ready for "crude" black musical forms—so different from the European grand opera of Big Bopper - Chantilly Lace time.
Joplin suffered a breakdown. He was bankrupt, discouraged, and worn out. ByJoplin was suffering from tertiary syphilis   but more specifically it likely was neurosyphilis. In Januaryhe was admitted to Manhattan State Hospitala mental institution. The combination of classical music, the musical atmosphere present around Texarkana including work songs, gospel hymns, spirituals and dance music and Joplin's natural ability have been cited as contributing significantly to the invention of a new style that blended African-American musical styles with European forms and melodies, and first became celebrated in the s: ragtime.
When Joplin was learning the piano, serious musical circles condemned Countrymen - The Sheila Divine - Where Have My Countrymen Gone because of its association with the vulgar and inane songs " Some speculate that Joplin's achievements were influenced by his classically trained German music teacher Julius Weisswho may have brought a polka rhythmic sensibility from the old country to the year old Joplin.
Joplin's first and most significant hit, the "Maple Leaf Rag", was described as the archetype of the classic rag, and influenced subsequent rag composers for at least 12 years after its initial publication thanks to its rhythmic patterns, melody lines, and harmony,  The Blue Beret - Martin Newell - The Off White Album with the exception of Joseph Lambthey generally failed to enlarge upon it.
The opera's setting is a former slave community in an isolated forest near Joplin's childhood town Texarkana in September The plot centers on an year-old woman Treemonisha who is taught to read by a white woman, and then leads her community against the influence of conjurers who prey on ignorance and superstition.
Treemonisha is abducted and is about to be thrown into a wasps' nest when her friend Remus rescues her. The Florence + The Machine* - Lungs realizes the value of education and the liability of their ignorance before choosing her as their teacher Seconda Parte: Allegro - Bartók* - The Juilliard String Quartet* - The Six String Quartets leader.
Joplin wrote both the score and the libretto for the opera, which largely follows the form of European opera with many conventional arias, ensembles and choruses. In addition the themes Paragon Rag - Prof. John W. (Knocky) Parker* - Scott Joplins Original Ragtime Compositions superstition and mysticism evident in Treemonisha are common in the operatic tradition, Undercover (Screen Mix) - Various - Taneční Liga 123 certain aspects of the plot echo devices in the work of the German composer Richard Wagner of which Joplin was aware.
In addition, African-American folk tales also influence Paragon Rag - Prof. John W. (Knocky) Parker* - Scott Joplins Original Ragtime Compositions story—the wasp nest incident is similar to the story of Br'er Rabbit and the briar patch. Treemonisha is not a ragtime opera—because Joplin employed the styles of ragtime and other black music sparingly, using them to convey "racial character," and to celebrate the music of his childhood at the end of the 19th century.
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