Label: Motown - M5-104LC • Series: Motown Superstar Series - Volume 4 • Format: Cassette Compilation Dolby • Country: US • Genre: Funk / Soul • Style: Soul
The Four Seasons are an American rock and pop band that became internationally successful in the s and s. Sincethey have also been known at times as Frankie Valli and the Four Seasons. The legal name of the organization is the Four Seasons Partnershipformed by Gaudio and Valli taken after a failed audition in While singers, producers, and musicians have come and gone, Gaudio and Valli remain the band's constant with each owning fifty percent of the act and its assets, including virtually all of its recording catalog.
The Four Seasons were one of only two Kung Fus Back Again (Part I) - Roberta Kelly - Kung Fus Back Again bands the other being the Beach Boys to enjoy major chart success before, during, and after the British Invasion.
The following year, he and guitarist Tommy DeVito formed The Variatones with Hank Majewski, rhythm guitar, Frank Cattone, accordion, and Billy Thompson, drums which between and performed and recorded under a variety of names before settling on the Sun Country - Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons* - Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons The Four Lovers. Inthe band's seventh single this time on Epic had a similar lack of success.
From untilthe group stayed together, performing in clubs and lounges as the Four Lovers and recording on music labels with various names: Frankie Tyler, Frankie Valley, Frankie Valley and the Travelers, Frankie Valley and the Romans, the Village Voices, and the Topics are some of the 18 "stage names" used individually or collectively by the members of the band. InCharles Calello replaced Nick Massi on bass in the lineup.
Later that year, the Four Lovers were performing in Baltimore on the same stage as the Royal Teenswho were riding the wave of success of " Short Shorts ", a song Sun Country - Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons* - Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons by thenyear-old Bob Gaudiowho was also the Royal Teens' keyboardist.
In lateGaudio was added to the Four Lovers on keyboards and guitar, as a replacement for rhythm guitarist Hank Majewski. Early the following year, Nick Massi returned to replace Calello, who remained the band's musical arranger. Indespite the changes Dust My Broom - Various - At The Center Of The Musical Universe - WWOZ On CD - The Sounds Of New Orl personnel, the fortunes of the Four Lovers had not changed—they failed an audition for a lounge at a Union Township, Union County, New Jersey bowling establishment.
According to Gaudio, "We figured we'll come out of this with something. So we took the name of the bowling alley. It was called the Four Seasons. The single did not chart. The band continued working with producer Bob Crewe as background vocalists and sometimes leads under different names, for productions on Crewe's own Topix label. As a follow-up, Bob Gaudio wrote a song that, after some discussion between Crewe and Gaudio, was titled "Sherry".
After the song was recorded, Crewe and the members of the band solicited record labels to release it. They were the first white artists to sign with Vee-Jay. Inthe band released their first album, featuring the single " Sherry ", which was not only their first charted hit but also their first number-one song. From to earlythe Beach Boys were the only band to match the Four Seasons in record sales in the United States, and their first three Vee-Jay non-holiday single releases i. Despite the band's success, Vee-Jay Records was in financial distress.
The label had released several early Beatles singles in America. When the Beatles became wildly popular, Vee-Jay was swamped with orders, and they shipped more than two million Beatles records in a single month.
The demands of mass production, the cash-flow problems involved, and the loss of the Beatles when Trans-Global a firm licensed by EMI to distribute its products canceled Vee-Jay's contract on August 3,due to non-payment of royalties, found Vee-Jay hard-pressed to stay afloat. Vee-Jay continued to produce one Beatles album in various forms in defiance of the cancellation. After over a year of legal negotiations, Capitol Records was finally able to stop Vee-Jay, effective October 15, While the label went through internal turmoil with the Beatles and Capitol Records, a separate royalty dispute between Vee-Jay and the Four Seasons headed to court.
Vee-Jay exercised those rights liberally over the following year. The group was obligated to deliver one final album to Vee-Jay, which they did in the form of a "faux" live LP. When Vee-Jay was finally declared bankrupt inthe Four Seasons' Vee-Jay catalog reverted to the band to settle unpaid royalties, and the tracks were then reissued by Philips.
The change of label did not diminish the popularity Sun Country - Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons* - Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons the Four Seasons innor did the onslaught of the British Invasion and Beatlemania.
However, " Dawn Go Mörkö Se Lähti Piiriin - Various - Lasten Toivekonsertti - 100 Suosittua Lastenlaulua " recorded for Atlantic Recordsbut never released by themwas kept from the 1 spot on the Hot by no fewer than three Beatles singles in the March 21,edition two weeks later, the top five slots were filled by Beatles singles.
The discs were reissues of the albums Introducing The Beatles and Golden Hits of the Four Seasonsfeaturing each original album's label, title, and catalog number. Today, this album package is a collector's item. Nick Massi left the Four Seasons in September The band's arranger, Charles Calello a former member of the Four Loversstepped in as a temporary replacement.
A few months later, Joe Long was permanently hired and became a mainstay of the band on bass and backing vocals untilwith Calello returning to arranging. In the meantime, the Four Seasons released recordings under a variety of names, including the Valli Boys, the Mandrill - Ergo Phizmiz with Macio Moretti & Piotr Zabrodski* - Live In Warsaw Who?
Every Valli "solo" recording from to " My Eyes Adored You " in was recorded by the Four Seasons at the Only One Woman - Various - Hit Parade International 3/92 time and in the same sessions as other Four Seasons material. Valli's first post single without the Seasons was 's " Swearin' to God ". More Top 20 singles followed in, andincluding " Let's Hang On! Bythe band's popularity had declined, with public interest moving towards rock with a harder edge and music with more socially conscious lyrics.
Aware of that, Bob Gaudio partnered with folk-rock songwriter Jake Holmes to write a concept album titled The Genuine Imitation Life Gazettewhich discussed contemporary issues from the band's standpoint, including divorce "Saturday's Father"and Kinks-style satirical looks at modern life e.
The album cover was designed to resemble the front page of a newspaper, pre-dating Jethro Tull 's Thick as a Brick by several years. The record was a commercial failure and led to the band's departure from Philips shortly after that, but it did catch the attention of Frank Sinatrawhose album, Watertowninvolved Gaudio, Holmes, and Calello. Reverting to the "Four Seasons" billing without Valli's name upfront, the group issued a single on Crewe's eponymous label, a rendition of " And That Reminds Me ", which peaked at number 45 on the Billboard chart.
John Stefan, the band's lead trumpeter, arranged the horn parts. Following that single, the band signed to Motown. A song from Sun Country - Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons* - Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons " The Night ", later became a Northern Soul hit and reached the top 10 of the UK Singles Chartbut was not commercially released in the United States as a single, although promotional copies were distributed inshowing the artist as Frankie Valli.
In late and earlythe Four Seasons recorded eight songs for a second Motown album, which the company refused to release, and later inthe label and the band parted ways.
On behalf of the Four Seasons Partnership, Valli tried to purchase the entire collection of master recordings the group had made for Motown. He took the tape to Larry Uttalthe owner and founder of Private Stock Recordswho wanted to release it as a Frankie Valli solo single. Although the band remained unsigned in the later part ofValli had a new label—and a new solo career. While the hits for the Four Seasons had dried up in the first half of the s, the band never lost its popularity as a performing act.
Longtime member Joe Long stayed in the group until The new lineup boasted two new lead singers in Don Ciccone formerly of the Critters and Gerry Polci, who eased the singing load on an ailing Frankie Valli who was gradually losing his hearing due to otosclerosisthough eventually, surgery restored most of it.
Records as the disco era dawned. At the same time, Uttal was persuaded to release The Four Seasons Storya two-record compilation of the band's biggest hit singles from to It quickly became a gold recordselling over one million copies before the RIAA started awarding platinum records for million-selling albums.
Valli had his first truly solo hit in the summer of when the Bob Crewe-produced " Swearin' to God " followed "My Eyes Adored You" into the upper reaches of the Hotpeaking at the 6 position and capitalizing on the growing disco craze. The song was released in three forms: the eight-minute album version, the ten-minute extended inch single version, and the four-minute single version.
This record featured Patti Austin on bridge vocals before she became well-known. Gerry Polci did about half of the lead vocals, sharing them with Valli and one led by Ciccone 'Slip Away'. The title song had Valli doing the lead on the verses, but none of the trademark falsettos in the chorus. It was a Top 10 British hit in Octoberrelaunching their career there. The single also hit number one in the United Kingdom.
Although the band Sun Country - Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons* - Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons scored minor chart placements with " Silver Star " with Valli on harmony Ambient Beach - Various - Love In Paris 38 in and "Down the Hall" 65 inboth sung by Polci, and "Spend the Night in Love" 91 inwhich again featured Polci as main lead vocalist and Valli singing the bridge section and contributing to backup group vocals, "December, " marked the end of the Seasons' hit-making run.
A dance remix of "December, " returned them briefly to the upper reaches of the Billboard singles charts almost two decades later. The success of Who Loves You increased the popularity of the Four Seasons as a touring group and reignited recording unit, but when 's Helicon album was released by Warner Bros. In the UK they had chart hits with both "Down The Hall" and "Rhapsody" with verses sung by Don Ciccone and Valli appearing to notable effect only as lead voice over group harmonies on the chorus.
At the same time, Valli's string of solo hits had come to an end as he parted ways with Private Stock Records. Helicon saw Polci and Ciccone heavily featured as lead vocalists, Valli, besides his co-lead chorus vocal on "Rhapsody" and some backing vocals, only taking a brief bridge lead vocal on two songs that were sung mainly by Polci. Plus, Valli took one solo lead vocal role on the album's concluding song, the brief Gaudio-Parker-penned "I Believe in You". Excluding Valli's " Grease " single, which hit 1 while the motion picture of the same name became the highest-grossing musical in cinematic history, the last Top 40 hit for the band was behind them.
Both Valli and the band released singles and albums on an occasional basis, but after "Grease", only a remixed version of their biggest seller, "December " would visit the upper half of the Hot in The latter became a UK single but failed to chart, while the former was released as a single in America, inching its way into the Hot However, the record did not sell well.
Sun Country - Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons* - Frankie Valli & The Four Seasons after the rise and fall of the band's sales in the disco era, the Four Seasons, in one version or another the Lied Über Gar Nichts - Erdmöbel - Für Die Nicht Wissen Wie became a sextet as Jerry Corbettaformerly of Sugarloafjoined the lineupcontinued to be a popular touring act, with Valli being the only constant in the midst of a fluctuating lineup.
Although Gaudio is still officially part of the band he and Valli are still equal partners in the Four Seasons Partnershiphe now restricts his activities to writing, producing, and the occasional studio work. In AugustMCA Records released the band album Streetfighterwhich yielded two singles in the title track and "Book Of Love", a post-disco -style revamp of the Monotones' recording. InFrankie revamped the group and started touring with a new band of Four Seasons consisting of Landon Beard, Todd Fournier, and brothers Brian Brigham and Brandon Brigham, who were with Valli longer than any incarnation of singers.
The four gentlemen left with Valli's blessing in to pursue their own group called "The Modern Gentlemen". Jersey Beat The album title Jersey Beat is a play on Jersey Boysa successful Broadway musical about the Four Seasons, as well as on Mersey Beata term first coined as the title of a music magazine published in Liverpool, England, frombut subsequently also used to describe Liverpool's "beat music" culture of the early s.
Inthe Four Seasons' "Beggin'" was revived by two acts. Pilooski made an electro remix of that song, while rap act Madcon used it as the basis of their song "Beggin'". The latter reached number 5 in the UK charts and was a hit across Europe. The song was featured in a TV commercial for adidas shoes entitled "Celebrate Originality".
From until "My Eyes Adored You" inrecords which the Four Seasons recorded had the following artist credit a sampling :. This is not a complete list of album releases. These recordings have been reissued on a variety of labels, some of which are noted here.
This list includes only those Frankie Valli solo albums the first two that were recorded as Four Seasons productions. The US chart position on the Billboard Hot singles chart follows the song title. Only singles that reached a position of 30 or higher on the Hot are listed.
Frankie Valli "solo" singles are also not listed but can be found here.
All Over The World - Pet Shop Boys - Pandemonium (DVD, Album), Cocoon - Zeljko McMullen - Disorder, Postures Bent - Laura Gibson - Beasts Of Seasons, Opening - Madonna - Blond Ambition Japan Tour 90, Side Saddle - Various - 20 Golden Hits Of 1959